Sewing Sergers and Serger Manufacturers
A serger can sew up to twice as fast as a sewing machine and is ideal for making finished narrow seams, overcast seams, blindstitched hems, and rolled hems. Sergers are wonderful for sewing seams with built-in stretch for sweat clothes or tee shirts and swimwear made from stretchy fabrics. Woven fabrics, from sheers to denim, sew beautifully. Special feet can help gather fabric or sew on sequin or bead edges. Decorative threads can be used to produce special effects.
Sergers are designed with a variety of needle and looper options in 2-thread, 3-thread, 4/2 thread, 4/3 thread, 4-thread, and 5-thread configurations. These machines offer various types of stitches, including 2-thread overedge, 2-thread chain stitch, 3-thread overlock, 4-thread safety stitch, 4-thread mock safety stitch, 5-thread overlock, rolled edge stitch, and flatlock stitch. Choosing a machine with differential feed will help ensure pucker-free or stretch-free seams.
Thread for sergers is usually purchased in cones, since sergers use more thread than a traditional sewing machine. Many thread types are available, including all-purpose, lighter weight overlock and nylon filament as well as decorative metallic, silk, topstitching, woolly nylon, and crochet threads. The needlecraft artist can also utilize certain fine yarns and lightweight knitting ribbons to add a creative touch to the edge of a seam!
When choosing thread, keep in mind that sergers sew at high speeds and the thread must be smooth and flexible, tightly twisted, and soft enough to slide through the thread guides and loopers. The thread should also be strong enough to handle the stress put on it. Your choice of threading material may require tension adjustments. And if the thread you choose does not feed smoothly, another may give a similar decorative effect. Not all threads work with all sergers.
When using a serger, remember to keep pins away from the cutting blades and avoid lint build-up by brushing out accumulated lint after each use.
Choose a serger from the following choices as a companion to your conventional sewing machine. While you will still need your sewing machine to install zippers, sew buttonholes and topstitching, and perform other sewing tasks, your serger will help give your seams that fine professional edge.
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Guide to Sergers and Overlock Machines